# How is Capital gains Tax Calculated

Capital Gains Tax (CGT) in the Philippines is a tax imposed on selling capital assets such as stocks, real estate, and other investment properties. The calculation of CGT depends on the type of asset sold, the asset’s holding period, and the net capital gain.

Capital assets are classified into two categories: long-term and short-term. Long-term capital assets are those held for more than 12 months, while short-term capital assets are those held for 12 months or less. The tax rate for long-term capital gains is lower than that for short-term ones.

For individual taxpayers, the tax rate for long-term capital gains is 20% of the net capital gain. The tax rate equals the taxpayer’s regular income tax for short-term capital gains. The tax rate for long-term capital gains is 10% of the net capital gain for corporations. The tax rate for short-term capital gains is 30% of the net capital gain.

Net capital gain is calculated as the asset’s selling price minus the cost of acquiring the asset and related expenses. The cost of acquiring the asset includes:

• The purchase price.
• Expenses incurred in connection with the asset’s purchase.
• The cost of improving the asset.

## FAQs:

### Q: What are the capital assets subject to CGT?

A: Capital assets subject to CGT include stocks, real estate, and other investment properties such as bonds, mutual funds, and precious metals.

### Q: What is the difference between short-term and long-term capital assets?

A: Short-term capital assets are those held for 12 months or less, while long-term capital assets are those held for more than 12 months. The tax rate for long-term capital gains is lower than that for short-term ones.

### Q: How is net capital gain calculated?

A: A net capital gain is calculated as the asset’s selling price minus the cost of acquiring the asset and the related expenses.

### Q: What expenses can be deducted in calculating net capital gain?

A: The expenses that can be deducted include the purchase price, expenses incurred in connection with the asset’s purchase, and the cost of improving the asset.

### Q: What is the tax rate for long-term capital gains for individual taxpayers?

A: The tax rate for long-term capital gains for individual taxpayers is 20% of the net capital gain.

### Q: What is the tax rate for short-term capital gains for individual taxpayers?

A: The tax rate for short-term capital gains for individual taxpayers is equal to the taxpayer’s regular income tax rate.

### Q: What is the tax rate for long-term capital gains for corporations?

A: The tax rate for long-term capital gains for corporations is 10% of the net capital gain.

### Q: What is the tax rate for short-term capital gains for corporations?

A: The tax rate for short-term capital gains for corporations is 30% of the net capital gain.

# Conclusion:

Capital Gains Tax is an important consideration for taxpayers planning to sell their capital assets. The tax rate for long-term capital gains is lower than that for short-term ones. It is important to keep track of the cost of acquiring the asset, the expenses incurred in connection with the purchase, and the cost of improving the asset to accurately calculate the net capital gain. Taxpayers should also be aware of the tax